Hypoglycemia, Dehydration, and Hypothermia and Feeding Instructions



Items needed: remember to puppy proof your home, food and water bowls, brush, tooth brush and paste, heating pad, bedding, play pen or puppy gates, food, toys and nutri-cal, Karo syrup, honey, or maple syrup.

Food: Diamond (for small breeds) or Kirkland Puppy food (Costco).  Keep dry food and water with puppy 24/7. Feed wet food, always available for the first 6 months if needed.

Suggestions for low appetite: Nutri-Cal, 
Karo syrup, honey, or maple syrup. Two tablespoons per on gallon of water is very helpful. Cottage Cheese, Plain whole yogurt.(no diet or soy) Grind Dry food into powder,Shaved chicken (no turkey or beef or pork). Tomato juice in the wet food helps to maintain the potassium level (and dogs love it)

Fighting Hypoglycemia & Loss of Appetite In Puppies

Low blood sugar can be quite dangerous to puppies. It's essential that a new puppy owner be able to recognize, prevent and treat this hazardous condition


Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is a serious condition that can occur in young pup­pies, especially toy breeds. Early recognition and proper treatment is the key to preventing potentially serious health consequences. If a puppy is bright, alert and bouncing one minute, but is down, depressed and disoriented the next, it could be a sign of hypoglycemia. The maintenance of proper blood sugar levels is vital, as the puppy's brain is entirely dependent on blood sugar as a source of energy. Thus, signs of low blood sugar are usually related to nerv­ous system dysfunction. On a shima puppy the curl in the tail will fall and the tail will droop.

Clinical signs of hypoglycemia can vary according to how rapidly the blood glucose falls below normal. A rapid fall results in dilated (enlarged) pupils, increased heart rate, nervous­ness, tremors, vocalizing and irritability. A gradual fall in blood glucose can result in visual disturbances (apparent blindness), mental dullness, confusion, seizures, decreased heart rate and coma. Both scenarios can also result in dehydration and hypothermia (decreased body temperature).

THE CAUSE. This condition is typically caused by a puppy being unable to adapt to less frequent feeding during the post-weaning period. Young puppies must receive nutrition every few hours. 
Shimas eat about 3 kernels of food, than in an hour they will repeat it. Puppies typically have very few fat reserves to provide energy in a crisis. If nutrition is not provided on a fre­quent schedule, 

body glucose stores may become depleted. If this occurs, a puppy's immature liver may be unable to produce/process glucose quickly enough to meet body needs.


Other common causes: Stress from social and environmental changes, Small children, Lack of rest, Car Travel; Airline Travel, Being held to long and etc.

PREVENTION: In order to prevent or limit hypoglycemia, be sure that the puppies have food available at all times and you monitor for adequate consumption. Shimas eat about 3 kernels of food, than in an hour they will repeat it.  Also be aware that many factors can contribute to a
puppy not eating as it should. These include any type of stress, such as infections, vaccinations, excess physical exertion (playing too hard), weaning, poor nutrition, hypothermia, gastric upset, etc.

TREATMENT: Since hypoglycemia, dehydration, and hypothermia often all occur together, all three conditions must be correct­ed. Treatment should begin by first by giving oral sugar supplementation (dextrose, maple syrup, honey, karo syrup or nutra-cal); the puppy can swallow typically one cc or ml per pound of body weight every hour (be sure to mix karo with a little water).  Maintaining a warm, humid environment (85 degrees, 85 percent humidity) is very important. The body temperature should be raised and maintained above 95 degrees (hot water bottles, heating pad wrapped in a towel, hair dryer, etc.). As the condition improves, moist food and water should then be offered (forced, if necessary) while slowly wean­ing the pup off of the sugar supplemen­tation. A veterinarian may start an intravenous line or subcutaneous fluids if the condition warrants it. Frequent high-protein, high-carbohydrate feedings are necessary to prevent reoccurrence. The condition usually resolves in a short period of time with steady food intake, stress reduction and maturity. Keep a little 
 maple syrup, honey or karo syrup in puppy's water for a week or so after any stress. Two tablespoons per on gallon of water is very helpful.


If you think your puppy may be suffering from hypo­glycemia, start the above treatment and call us.  We will help to determine if veterinarian treatment is warranted. Following our advice, in most cases, treat­ment of this condition will be 100 per­cent successful.


Hypoglycemia is not a sign of an unhealthy puppy. A healthy puppy may experience hypoglycemia caused by one of the above reasons.



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